Malta Prehistoric Temples
Malta and Gozo, located in the centre of the Mediterranean, have a wealthy history spanning during the last 7000 years or so! There are temples, goddesses, wrecks, hypogea, cemeteries, Bronze Age villages, catacombs, tombs, villas, baths, ‘cart ruts’, caves, auberges, palaces, fortifications, and so rather more. All this is certain to curiosity any historian, archaeologist, or sightseer! However of all these, the oldest and maybe probably the most spectacular are the prehistoric temples scattered all around the islands.
The proof accessible means that man reached the islands by boat from Sicily about 7000 years ago. They have been farmers who constructed extraordinary buildings out of giant slabs of stone. There may be little argument that these buildings had been in actual fact temples as a result of they’re monumental in size, comprise many symbols and altars, and present no sign of domestic use in any respect.
Inside the vast majority of the temples, statuettes (as well as one monumental statue) have been found which symbolize an opulent mother goddess, also referred to as ‘The Fat Lady’. It is believed that she was worshipped by the farmers in an effort to have good crops in the sometimes sizzling weather.
Even the form of those temples is exclusive; they’re both lobed, or made up of a collection of apses. The incredible thing is that when viewed from above (as a hen’s eye view) the temples appear to have the identical shape because the mother goddess, with large thighs! Interestingly, there isn’t a such construction wherever in the world which is remotely just like our Maltese temples. This emphasizes the uniqueness of the island, current from even 7000 years ago!
There are some twenty three temples around the island, most of which stand alone or in pairs. These span from around 3600 to 2500BC, making them even older than the nice Pyramid of Egypt, which dates to 2550BC! These include the Ggantija temple, which is the oldest recognized temple found on the island of Gozo, Hagar Qim and Mnajdra Temples, Tarxien Temples, Kordin Temple, Skorba Temple, and Ta’ Hagrat Temple, amongst others.
There can be a prehistoric underground burial know because the Hal-Saflieni Hypogeum which is associated with the Tarxien Temple, in that it is alleged to be its associated burial ground. It’s also utterly unique and seems to be a minimize-out copy of the temples, however underground. Other than choices and skeletons, two unimaginable chambers have been discovered inside, known as the Holy of Holies, as well as the Oracle Room, stone island tracksuit ioffer identified for its unimaginable use of sound. This hypogeum has been lately restored, lit up, opened to the public and been acknowledged as a UNESCO World Heritage site. However guide ahead, as solely teams of 10 are allowed in each hour and this is absolutely not one to overlook!
Maltese Tradition and Traditional Rituals
The rituals that took play throughout the temples were additionally very interesting and distinctive. Aside from the statuettes of the mother goddess, many other symbols had been found, together with phallic symbols, carved farming animals, and a curly spiral design which has turn out to be considerably of a trademark on the island. The temples are divided into personal and public areas the place the priests and public have been divided. Altars have been used to sacrifice animals to the deities, and holes on the entrances were used for libration; the pouring of liquids equivalent to water, wine or blood, to the goddess.
This unimaginable period in our history ended very mysteriously and abruptly! At the tip of what is thought because the ‘Tarxien Section’, which is the latest part in this interval, the temples went fully out of use and it is nearly as though everybody disappeared. In truth, at a later section a new group of individuals moved into the temples and used them for fully different reasons.