The place Did Stonehenge And Easter Island Come From
Stonehenge is a megalithic monument on the Salisbury Plain in England, about eighty five miles southwest of London. It consists of a ditch and financial institution surrounding enormous stones — many weighing between one and 45 tons — organized in circle and horseshoe patterns, together with a lane connecting it to the close by River Avon. Building began around 3,000 B.C. and continued until about 1,one hundred B.C.
Unfortunately, the people who constructed Stonehenge did not depart much proof of why they constructed this huge construction. So writers and researchers by means of the ages have pondered the stones and provide you with their own stories about this prehistoric creation.
The most typical theories counsel Stonehenge is an astronomical calendar, a religious site, or a mix of the 2. From John Aubrey within the seventeenth century to William Stukeley within the 18th century to Sir J. Norman Lockyer and Gerald Hawkins within the 20th century, students have found that the position of Stonehenge’s earthworks and stones coincides with solstices and cycles of the moon. However these scholars have interpreted this info in another way.
Early theorists believed the Celtic priesthood referred to as the Druids built Stonehenge as a temple, but there are no records of Druids existing in the same time interval that Stonehenge was created. Nevertheless, other ancient peoples might have constructed Stonehenge as a temple that marked the solstices as holy days.
Rapa Nui — christened “Easter Island” by Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen because he first arrived there on Easter Day in 1722 — is probably the most remote inhabited locations on Earth. It is 2,300 miles from Chile and 2,500 miles from Tahiti. The closest land is Pitcairn Island (inhabitants fifty four) about 1,400 miles away. The island was colonized by Chile within the late 19th century and remains a Chilean possession. In Chile, the official name for the island is Isla de Pascua, and the islanders call it each Rapa Nui and Te Pito te Henua (the navel of the world).
Apart from its isolation, Easter Island is greatest recognized for the giant stone heads known as moai that dot the in any other case barren panorama. Almost 900 moai exist, they usually common thirteen ft tall and nearly 14 tons in weight. They have been probably erected between 1400 and 1600 Ad. Most researchers imagine the moai symbolize vital ancestors, similar to chiefs. It doesn’t seem that the statues have been worshipped, however they could have acted as spiritual conduits between the individuals and their gods.
Sadly, little of the tradition that created the moai stays. Between 1600 and 1722, the island’s population decreased dramatically. Evidence means that deforestation and soil depletion result in food shortages, inflicting the inhabitants lower.
After European contact, Easter Island’s history took a fair darker flip. Peruvian slavers kidnapped about one-third of the island’s inhabitants within the mid-nineteenth century. These slavers also brought smallpox to the Rapa Nui people. In 1888, Chile claimed possession of Easter Island. Later, a Chilean enterprise turned the island right into a sheep ranch. Native islanders had been treated like prisoners, and it wasn’t till 1916 that the corporate’s rule was overthrown.
The Chilean Navy took control of Rapa Nui in 1952, and, once once more, islanders had been topic to autocratic controls. Islanders secured the fitting to vote for his or her governors by way of a revolt in 1964, and the army influence diminished. Some army websites remained — the United States built a tracking station in the 1960s and later expanded the island’s airport runway as an emergency landing strip for the space shuttle.
Immediately, Easter Island has a inhabitants of a number of thousand people. Agriculture, cattle ranching, fishing, artwork, and tourism are the primary stone island outlet 2013 industries. Flights from Santiago, Chile, land on a regular basis.