Hand Symbolism & Beliefs Part 2
Hand charms and amulets towards the Evil Eye. Hand indicators. Symbolic imprints on the fingers of avatars. Hand Indicators in Religious Art.
[Word: This paper incorporates images which could also be seen as initially published at our webpage] In response to its votaries, the hand of the crucified Jesus is believed to possess occult virtues. When worn as an amulet it is claimed to be an all-round good-luck charm. Prayers are stated at the side of its presence on one’s person. One prayer associated with this explicit amulet is as follows: “I carry a likeness of your pierced hand as a fervent symbol of your infinite kindness. Thou who has recognized such suffering, reach out your hand with a blessing. Thy pierced hand conjures up this humble prayer that I might name on Thee to grant me peace and happiness. Amen.” Generally, charms in the type of palms, and in any pose–whether or not manufactured from steel, stone, or inscribed–were typically carried to ward off the “Evil Eye,” or the ietattura as it is known as in Southern Italy, or ain al-hasad, the “Eye of Envy,” by the Arabs. The historic Sumerians referred to it as IG-HUL, “Eye Evil.” The Evil Eye is an historical perception and not with none metaphysical substantiation. From the metaphysical standpoint, eyes radiates energy and the quality of this drive is tainted by the need and character of its emanator. Like all forces, the power flowing from the eyes may bless or curse others. There are numerous examples of amulets with a single eye on the palm of the hand. It is believed that this attracts the Evil Eye in accord with the Law of Attraction and absorbs its malevolent influences. To be able to counteract the malignant rays emanating from the eyes of unfavourable individuals, the Hamsa Hand, or the Hand of Fatima charm was invented by the Arabs to re-direct these people’ willful consideration and malefic glances. Fatima was the daughter of the Prophet Muhammed and Khadijah. She was mentioned to be a really virtuous woman, and it is believed that the charms representing her embody all of her strong virtues and would protect and convey good fortune to its bearer. The fingers of the Hand of Fatima symbolically represent the five pillars of Islam: 1) observance of the Ramadhan fast; 2) pilgrimage to Mecca; 3) alms-giving; Four) observance of the each day prayers; 5) career of faith. The correct hand is used to symbolize the Hand of Fatima, for it’s the hand of honor, in contradistinction to the left, which is the “unclean hand.” In most Jap cultures it is taken into account rude and inappropriate to provide things with the left hand. Like the Arabs, the ancient Egyptians used a symbol called “the good Hand” for varied protective purposes, one among which is to ward off evil magnetism. Most hand amulets seem with a single eye on the palm. There are cases of this in varied cultures. Amulets were not of value only to the living, but to the “lifeless” as properly. In historic Egypt, an amulet called dejebaui, or “two-fingers” had been often placed among a mummy’s swathings to assist the deceased one to ascend and journey on the boat of Ra to the afterlife. This amulet depicted the index and middle fingers and was normally made out of black basalt, inexperienced stone, or obsidian. Through the enunciation of a pledge the right hand is commonly raised within the air. This originated in historical customs where the elevating of the arms had been used to invoke the presence of the gods. Elevating the suitable hand whereas making a pledge is due to this fact, tantamount to saying, “In the name of God . . .” One other model is to put the precise hand on a holy e-book while uttering an oath. The significance is much like the above. In the West, many hand-signs have been made in style with its fixed use throughout the centuries. As an illustration we now have the V-signal with the index and center finger raised whereas the others flexed and clasped by the thumb. This signified victory and triumph. Much like this is the Mano Cornuto, the place only the index and little finger are raised, and the remainder folded onto the palms. This represents horns, the satan, and the powers of evil. Within the Orient, though, this signal is said to have the power to ward off demons. Kuan Yin is commonly depicted with this mudra. The Hung Society of China makes use of it as a sign of membership and in addition to signify “Man,” who embodies both Heaven and Earth. In Italian witchcraft, the Mano Cornuto represents the crescent moon of the goddess Diana. Another outstanding hand sign is the Mano Fica, or figa, the sign of coitus the place the thumb protrudes between the primary and second fingers of the closed hand. It is of historic origin The Romans and Etruscans were nicely acquainted with this sign having made photographs of it. Lika Mano Cornuto, the latter sign is a popular amulet in opposition to destructive forces. Crossing the index finger with the middle finger additionally has a sexual significance. It symbolizes the era of life and by affiliation a superb final result in one’s hopeful expectations, in one’s enterprise possessing an ambiguous upshot. Another sexual gesture far more express is the repeated insertion and withdrawal of the forefinger of the fitting hand (the phallus) into a circle formed by the thumb and index finger of the left hand (the vulva). The pose of the left hand in the above gesture is also an “O.Ok.” sign. One of many outdated superstitions states that the sexual act brings good luck, good fortune, and prosperity. Maybe because of its connection to fertility rites the place the energy aroused and released during sexual ceremonies in open fields is believed to empower crops to develop abundantly. This perception is also one of many reasons why phallic and coital amulets had been carried on one’s particular person. Such charms have been thought to bring about lucky circumstances to the wearer. Sexual amulets made out of metal, bone, and wood had been very talked-about in the classical worlds of Greece and the Roman Empire. A hand sign that is primarily used by the sacerdotal priesthood of the Christian Churches, is the Mano Pantea. That is the sign of benediction posed by extending the thumb and first two fingers. The ring and little fingers are folded onto the palms. This mudra may be seen in the assorted paintings and murals of Jesus, the Saints, and priests. In Latin international locations, the Mano Pantea can also be often used as an amulet towards the “Evil Eye,” when thus employed it is normally covered with other protective symbols as reinforcements. An upraised thumb represents the erect phallus and is an indication for all times, success, prosperity, and acceptability. In distinction, the downward pointing thumb denotes defeat and is the veto signal of condemnation or the death sentence. The center finger solitarily prolonged is likely one of the obscene gestures vulgarly referred to as, “up yours.” It signifies the command to perform an unnatural or perverse sexual act. The famed Buddhist temple, Borobudur within the island of Java was constructed in the form of a mandala–a symbolic diagram of the cosmos. It is in-built tiers, and at every degree, there are numerous statues of Buddhas sitting in silent meditation. At each level of the compass the contemplative Buddhas assume a certain mudra. Those dealing with North bear the Abhaya (fearlessness) mudra, while these in the East show the Bhumisparsha (earth-touching) gesture. The Dana (giving) mudra is the hand pose of the Buddhas going through South, and the Dhyana (meditation) mudra of these facing West. Other mudras within the precincts of the temple are also to be found such as the Vitarka (debate) and Dharmachakraprayartana (instructing) gestures. This cautious orientation of mudra bearers to compass factors is symbolic. It is expounded to the quaternary rules to be discovered within the micro- and macrocosm. Comprehensive teachings regarding these may be discovered within the esoteric facets of Buddhism and esotericism usually. Symbolic marks or imprints are sometimes found on the palms of statues and icons of Buddhas and Avatars. These marks point out the ability, advantage, or attribute of these God-incarnates. In Hinduism, Shiva appears the most with these hand drawings. Many sorts of marks exist. Several are to be discovered on just the palms of Gautama (Shakyamuni) Buddha alone. These palmar designs most likely originated from the special marks that do physically appear on the palms. Cheiromancy identifies a number of of these as the sq.the grille, the island, the cross or star, etc. Arms were revered by the Hindus for centuries. One of many Shivaic tantrik rituals of India provides the next liturgical adoration to the fingers of the hands: “Om Sham I bow to the thumbs Namah. Om Shim I bow the index fingers Svaha. Om Shum I bow to the middle fingers Vashat. Om Shaim I bow to the ring fingers Hum. Om Shaum I bow to the little fingers Vaushat. Om Shah I bow to the front and again of arms Phat.” This chant is accompanied by specific mudras that purifies the refined channels of the higher limbs. Not only is that this ritual practiced in India but variations of it could also be found in Bali as effectively. In the wedding ceremonies and sexual rites of Oriental cultures akin to in Tantrism, Yoginis or Shaktis usually paint Yantras and other symbolical diagrams on the palms of their palms with henna or pink dye. These diagrams normally have intricate floral patterns and are magical and hypnotic. They’re used to draw, to mesmerize, and to empower themselves and their sexual partners. In Islamic mysticism, specific gestures are often employed to help produce an altered state of consciousness. Dervishes, for instance, pose their arms in specific mudras and hand signs whereas dancing and whirling around on a single spot. Some Sufi sects would hint the ninety nine names of God on their bodies with their right hand while partaking in zikir, or recollecting and focusing upon God via fixed chanting. In historical times there were the Mystery Colleges that taught to the selected few the laws and secrets and techniques of Nature and the Universe. Historical past has recorded numerous of these faculties and temples of esoteric data amongst which were the mysteries of Isis, Sabazius, Cybele, Eleusis, Orpheus, Mithra, Asar-Hapi, and Odin. To state the mission and purpose of these metaphysical establishments we will do no better than to quote the eminent Freemason, Robert Macoy: “It seems that all of the perfection of civilization, and all the development made in philosophy, sciences, and artwork among the ancients are as a result of those establishments which, below the veil of thriller, sought to illuminate the sublimest truths of religion, morality, and virtue, and impress them on the heart of the disciples. Their chief object was to show the doctrine of one God, the resurrection of man to the eternal life, the dignity of the human soul, and to lead the individuals to see the shadow of the deity, within the beauty, magnificence, and splendor of the universe.” Inside some of these Mystery colleges, when the candidate is first initiated and accepted as a neophyte, he or she is commonly given an effigy of a human hand stuffed with symbolic images to contemplate. This hand is referred to as the Hand of the Philosopher, or the Hand of the Mysteries. When these symbols are understood, they provide the neophyte the keys to facilitate the transformation of their lower nature into divinity–from man to god. Regeneration, transmutation, and empowerment are the consequence of the application of the legal guidelines and rules that these ancient symbols characterize. Amongst the many secrets that they portray, they educate how one may commune with one’s Holy Guardian Angel, or one’s Larger Self. The practitioner of the secrets and techniques of the Mysteries undergo a rebirth as a result of the growing influence and expression of the upper Self in everyday consciousness. The Philosopher’s Hand may be thought to be an alchemical handbook taking the conscientious pupil step-by-step by the alchemical course of. In Freemasonry, the Hand of the Mysteries is thought because the hand of the Grasp Mason. In some Masonic teams, that is the title for the very best of the three levels to be found in the hoary and august fraternity. In this article we have now included three examples of these symbolical fingers. The primary illustration proven is a bronze hand to be discovered in the British Museum. This specimen within the Mano Pantea gesture, is covered with several vital symbols amongst which are : a ram’s head, serpent, frog, vase, crocodile, turtle, cornucopia, scales, woman with youngster, table with loaves of bread, and a cane. It’s supposed to be Egyptian in origin. The second hand is a painting redrawn by J. Augustus Knapp from an 18th century water coloration, and is taken from Manly Corridor’s “Secret Teachings of All Ages”; it was executed with the alchemical process in mind. On this illustration there is a determine of a fish which symbolizes mercury–the principle of the Spirit within the microcosm. This aquatic creature is surrounded by the component of hearth that represents the psychological aspect of man, or the human soul. The rest of the fingers individually seek advice from the assorted steps of the spiritual path of transmutation of the base nature of man into the resplendent gold of divinity. Kaballistically, the hand exhibits the mastership of the crowned thumb (the desire) over the 4 worlds represented by the fingers. These four worlds are known as Atziluth, Briah, Yetzirah, and Assiah, or the World of Archetypes, the World of Creation, the World of Formation, and the World of Manifestation. Atop of the fingertips in Knapp’s illustration are symbols representing the assorted elements of the microcosm: the lantern, the Concrete Mind; the Sun, the Summary Mind; the Star, Buddhi; the Crown, Atma. The little finger holds aloft a philosophical key, which reveals the secrets and techniques of the Mysteries. It also symbolizes the etheric body, which is taken into account by Western Initiates as the key to occult growth. The wings surrounding the hand is a sign for transcendentalism–the things of the Spirit versus matter. The eyes, alternatively, point out the divine facet of omniscience unfolded in the Grasp Mason after having found and applied the “Lost Word.” Hindu versions of the Hand of the Mysteries are diagrams known as Hastakara Yantra. Like their Western counterpart, these arms have numerous symbolic photographs depicted on them. Amongst different issues they illustrate the relationship between man and the cosmic forces. Like Hindu yoga, in Feng Shui, or Chinese geomancy, there are 5 parts: Water, Wooden, Earth, Hearth, and Metallic. In Chinese palmistry the little finger is associated with air, the ring finger with fireplace, the center finger with earth, the forefinger with water, and the thumb with chi or steel stone island italia as mentioned earlier than. This system differs from the Hindu yogic mudra tradition. To start with, in yoga philosophy the fifth element is akasha or area, which though correspond to chi, does not relate to metal in any respect. In line with mudra teachings, Angutha or the thumb corresponds to fireplace, Tarjani or the forefinger to air, Madhyam or the middle finger to akasha, Anamika or the ring finger to earth and Kanishthika, or the little finger to water. In this work on mudras, we are going to stress more on the Hindu yogic project of the elements to the fingers and thumb. The application of elemental mudras along with the elemental tattvic tides is a great tool in elemental magick. Hand Indicators in Religious Artwork Hand indicators are an important part of life. They are used to convey silently but powerfully the intention and ideas of their person. Humanity has for ages utilized sign languages. It originated at a period of Man’s evolution when he was incapable of speaking his abstract and concrete thoughts with phrases and phrases lingually. He was solely dependent upon gesticulations as a media for expressing his feelings and passions. This primitive form of communication continues to be being used by fashionable man in sure conditions and expediency. Not surprisingly, the intelligent classes of anthropoids additionally make use of hand-signal movements such as the beating of the chest in expressing anger or authority. The fictitious Tarzan could not resist aping this gesture from his Darwinian guardians. Certain particular hand signs are to be found everywhere in the world. Many cultures previous and succeeding the Christian era share widespread gestures that categorical explicit concepts. It has been advised that these gestures all have comparable basic concepts or significance because of their appearances in related contexts. This is known by means of their repeated portrayal in the various paintings, sculptures, and drawings of the previous available for our scrutiny and research. Mediaeval Christian art of saints, prophets, and the Holy Trinity, and the gods and devas of Egypt, India and the South American Indians are sometimes depicted with related hand positions. Contemporarily, we discover faculty children perpetuating certain conventional signs that have their origin in religion and pagan practices. For instance, crossing the fingers as a kind of prayer so that they may be free from chastisement when interrogated of their mistaken conduct–this may be a corrupted type of the ecclesiastical use of the Signal of Benediction. There are numerous professions that make use of indicators only recognized to their members or associates. As an illustration, merchants, masons, tramps, gamblers, prostitutes–all have indicators identified only to themselves with which they sign each other. Because of the profuse use of indicators and gestures by the Italians in their everyday life, anthropologists consider that these descendents of Romulus and Remus usually are not able to carry out a passable dialog in the event that they were prevented the use of gesticulation. Occultists consider that most gestures or hand signs which might be present in religion and in society have a typical origin in the prevalent Thriller Colleges of the previous the place they were utilized in a ceremonial setting. Trendy Freemasonry as one of the various descendents of those Occult Temples of Knowledge and Information still perpetuates this custom of hand signs of their initiatory rites. Just like the Freemasons, secret societies in the Orient even have ceremonies where esoteric indicators are employed. One among the secret associations of China, the Hung Society, have certain indicators and gestures with which communication is carried-out among the many affiliated members–not solely within the ceremonies but in everyday life as nicely. The aforementioned society, likewise, have plentiful mudras or indicators representing the rules of their philosophy. In its doctrines, the five parts of Taoist esotericism are signified by poses which might be additionally to be found elsewhere across the globe. The mystical Dervishes, established by the Sufi Rumi, apply hand indicators for occult functions. They invoke the Divine Presence by utilizing these indicators that corresponds with the 99 names of God in their dance rituals, as already alluded to previously. Artists of all ages have secret codes and teachings with which they unveil in their artwork. In archaic times it was a harmful matter to openly publicize occult and spiritual teachings that religions steeped in fundamentalism had been dramatically opposed to for these teachings threatened their political structure and lessen their worth within the eyes of an evolving humanity. It is because of this that the Thriller and metaphysical faculties established by the historic sages went underground and operated clandestinely. They promulgated their teachings through indicators and symbols that acted on one level as their calling card.