Widespread Phrases Explained
T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to explain their products. The terms are not all the time constant and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A standard spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts product of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The phrases are used many ways, but it’s the number that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads may be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted together, it would be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made synthetic materials, most consultants agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely mushy and has glorious drape.
Bamboo: Quick growing plant, categorised as a grass, which might be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A course of that uses bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A very huge neckline that runs throughout the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the extensive neck enabled fast removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s fashion answer to the wife beater. A girls’s tank high, though it can be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A way to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a very smooth, clean end.
Burn-Out: A process that makes use of sulfuric acid or different sturdy acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, often a polyester/cotton blend. The method offers a see-by means of, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on ladies’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with global warming. A few t-shirt manufacturers are now measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Unbiased group founded in 2001 in Nice Britain that displays carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with companies to help cut back their carbon footprint, and now certifies corporations and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A couple of t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and overseas matter. Carding might be performed by hand or by giant machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-solely cotton just isn’t as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another name for enzyme wash. This gives fabric a delicate feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of sure plants. Helpful in making sure sorts of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used often as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Climate Impartial: A time period used to explain a company, course of, or product that has zero impression on the Earth’s local weather. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers advertise their firm as climate impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” fuel because of its relationship with world warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand a number of washings without dropping its coloration.
Combed Cotton: A way to remove brief fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, high-quality cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high energy, excellent uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A process that compacts the house between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique shade than the garment. Provides a nice design element in t-shirts.
Management Union: A global organization that gives certification companies for a wide range of packages–including many natural certification applications. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (World Natural Textile Customary).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a more textured however uniform again. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are made of cotton jersey. Tremendous cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that is the most well-liked on this planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties corresponding to Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than strange varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a short physique to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. One of these stitching offers durability and a cleaner, more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, while a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to wear.
Drop Tail: A garment that options a longer again than front.
Eco-Friendly: Extraordinarily free time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly useless in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Foundation: A registered charity established in 2000 to help individuals who undergo most from environmental abuses reminiscent of pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially active in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing special enzymes to produce a comfortable end and easy look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a special look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Lower: A style of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For example, a full reduce men’s t-shirt, dimension massive, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A males’s massive European lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being lower and sewn right into a finished piece of clothing.
Honest Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit organization dedicated to ending sweatshop situations in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially necessary within the apparel business where working situations have historically been so poor.
Truthful Wear Foundation: A world group devoted to enhancing garment employees’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with companies that produce clothing and other sewn merchandise and that take accountability for their supply chain.
Positive Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a more textured however uniform again. Fine cotton jersey is normally smoother and stone island down jacket white has a lighter weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made with effective cotton jersey have a greater drape and feel than regular t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions differ, but generally a fitted minimize refers to a minimize that flatters the physique. Used often in ladies’s t-shirts, the middle part of the shirt might be tighter than the highest or bottom. General, the shirts run narrower than a basic full cut.
Full Lower: A generous, roomy cut. In t-shirts, tubular styles are typically considered full-minimize, but there are exceptions. Full Lower differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been lower and sewn right into a finished article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A process the place finished articles of clothes are washed, normally with added softeners to enhance the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the 1990s when customers grew to become nervous about genetically modified food. Many companies now apply the GMO free label on the whole lot from food to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Organic Textile Customary. A project of the International Working Group. They have developed standards to ensure organic standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to supply a credible assurance to the end consumer. An natural t-shirt that meets the standards can be GOTS certified.
Green: Generic time period used by advertising gurus to promote merchandise. One other favourite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon without any real dedication.
Green-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Companies that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw extra enterprise, but haven’t taken any actual steps to be environmentally responsible.
Hand: The best way a fabric feels to the touch. A fabric that feels mushy and clean is taken into account to have a good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for thousands of years, largely as an industrial fabric. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s used in many clothing articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (generally as much as 5 buttons are used, however that is uncommon). A Henley may be both quick or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A technique of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted appearance to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A kind of knit that may be very tender and has an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very high quality garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It’s light weight, and has high-quality vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Wonderful cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with fine cotton threads corresponding to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric were made. There are lots of kinds of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly present in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It is light weight, and has fine vertical ribs. However, rib knits have heavy ribs operating down the fabric, while interlock knits are utilized in very positive fabrics. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless model t-shirt, but not precisely a tank top. Basic t-shirt, simply without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is much wider than an extraordinary tank high.
Neck Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks higher than an exposed stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek a hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures consumers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no threat to their health. Beneath the Oeko-Tex customary, clothes have to be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Organic Apparel: A term very loosely applied within the garment industry. It will possibly mean something from a hundred% natural to as little as 6% organic. Often mixed with terms like Eco-Friendly, Green, and so forth. Customers must examine the labels and verify the materials used to see if one thing is actually natural or not.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown with out the use of pesticides. Certified organic cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is natural.
Natural Soil Association: Founded in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Natural Soil Association pioneered the first natural standards in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet those standards.
Overdyed: A course of where previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with a further color to create a novel look.
Performance T: Name for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outdoor fanatics. Performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor management capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, as a consequence of their absorbency and wicking properties, have develop into known as performance t-shirts, though they do not dry as fast as performance t-shirts product of 100% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Sold this way to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used often in positive males’s and women’s shirts. The title Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown in the U.S.
Pique: A technique of knitting that creates a waffle-type, effective textured floor. Used typically in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from synthetic polymers. Used widely in apparel, particularly combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the means of pre-shrinking fabric before it’s minimize and sewn. Occasionally it refers to an precise finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, however, especially if dried utilizing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Model of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run directly to the collar. Usually the sleeves are a contrasting colour from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider below the arms, and are preferred by wearers who want most freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts normally characteristic a raglan sleeve model.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that uses plant cellulose as its principal ingredient. Rayon is very mushy, has glorious drape, and could be very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs working down the fabric. Rib knits are often categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you already know the width of the rib compared to the house between. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the space between every rib is identical width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as huge as the areas in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is often used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning leads to a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in varied colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to using sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another time period for silicone washed, which produces a very easy and smooth finish to fabric, and also gives the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Broad, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 ounces per yard. Somewhat stretchier than effective jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the amount it may be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however 4-5% shrinkage can still be anticipated.
Aspect Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam operating down at each side below the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts are costlier to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really smooth and gentle finish to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other term for a men’s tank high.
Slim Minimize: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize males’s t-shirt, dimension large, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A slim cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes more.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or generally silicon and rubber balls. This method makes fabric softer and gives it an aged or distressed look. Generally bleach is used in this process.
Tank Prime: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The name got here from the early term for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “tape,” however a thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck area of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks better than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Style:A mode that has no side seams; the body of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No standard definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however generally talking a unisex t-shirt is fabricated from lighter weight, tremendous cotton jersey, facet seamed, and not minimize as full as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves will not be further brief, like cap sleeves, but should not full elbow lengths either. The body size is often medium/long. Nevertheless, there are large variations in unisex t-shirts, depending on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that became independent stone island down jacket white in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing methods, which include forced child labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many companies don’t care and have refused to join in the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is cheap.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle type of neckline. Will be deep or shallow, depending on the model. Often favored by women, but a shallow model v-neck is popular among males.
Viscose: Sometimes one other title for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Usually expressed ounces per square yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric signifies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Positive jersey cotton fabrics often have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory term for a men’s tank top t-shirt. Normally refers to a primary white tank prime.