Largest Earthquakes Within the US
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This earthquake caused 77 deaths. Picket houses have been knocked off their foundations within the Keiawa, Punaluu, and Ninole areas and straw houses were torn to shreds. At Kau, the homes and stone walls have been thrown down. At Waiohinu, a large stone church collapsed within 10 seconds of the onset of shaking. Ground waves as a lot as 0.6 meters from floor to crest had been noticed at Kohala. The movement was so violent at Ulupalakua that it was difficult for folks to stand.
Ground fissures extended from Pahala to Kilauea. A fissure about 5 kilometers lengthy was reported at Kohuku resulting in a volcanic eruption from that fissure a few days later, on April 7 1868. A mass of earth of three kilometers huge and 9 meters thick swept down the hillside at Kapapala, carrying with it bushes, animals, and people and thirty-one folks were killed. Alongside the Puna coast from Kapoho to Apua, the land subsided in places as a lot as 2 meters. At Kaimu, trees stood about 2.5 meters deep in sand and water. The plain at Kalapana sank about 2 meters, and water stood as a lot as 1.5 meters deep over 8 hectares dry land. Additionally a tsunami struck the Kau-Puna coast including to the devastation at Honuapo, Keauhou, and Punaluu. At Keauhou the water rose 12-15 meters, destroying all of the homes and warehouses and drowning forty six folks. At Hilo, the height of the wave was about 3 meters, and at Kealakekua, 2 meters. The tsunami also was observed on Maui and Oahu. Also felt on Lanai, Maui, Oahu, and Kauai.
12. Kodiak Island, Alaska
Date: Oct. 9, 1900
Time: 12:25 UTC
The wharf at WoodyIsland was partly destroyed and in addition chimneys, home windows, and crockery were destroyed in Kodiak. About 50 slight aftershocks continued by way of the following day. The quake was felt alongside all of southern Alaska and possibly to the west of Kodiak.
Thirteen. Gulf of Alaska
Date: Nov. 30, 1987
Time: 19:23:19.5 UTC
This earthquake prompted damage at Yakutat, northwest of Juneau leading to damaged glassware and cracks in plaster, drywall, windows, and a foundation. Mild damage occurred at a number of different towns. There were also cracks in wet ground at Yakutat. Building vibrations were so sturdy that it was tough to face or walk. Two ships in the epicentral area were damaged, and three others in the world felt the shaking strongly. A small tsunami was recorded at Seward, Sitka, and Yakutat. This earthquake had the largest magnitude of any event within the area since that on October 9, 1900.
Click thumbnail to view full-size 14. Central Alaska
Date: Nov. 3, 2002
Time: 13:12 UTC
This major earthquake struck 75 miles south of Fairbanks, Alaska. Roads have been cracked, pipeline support mechanisms were broken (designed to sustain a eight.5 magnitude quake) and there have been mudslides. The quake was felt all through the state of Alaska. Two main highways were closed because of the cracks brought on by the quake. The epicentre was three miles beneath the earth’s surface making the quake extra severe. Folks felt the quake for nearly five minutes with many aftershocks and issues falling off the shelves.
Click on thumbnail to view full-dimension 15. Owens Valley, California
Date: March 26, 1872
Time: 10:30 UTC
Property loss: $250,000
The earthquake occurred at Lone Pine, the place 52 of fifty nine homes had been destroyed and 27 people have been killed. A couple of fatalities additionally have been reported in other parts of OwensValley. The primary buildings were thrown down InyoCounty. At Indian Wells, adobe houses experienced cracks. Property loss has been estimated at $250,000. The shock was felt over most of California and far or Nevada. Hundreds of aftershocks occurred, some severe.
Sixteen. Imperial Valley, California
Date: Feb. 24, 1892
Time: 07:20 UTC
This quake destroyed all adobe buildings in previous Carrizo station in San DiegoCounty and likewise chimneys and plaster were broken. In ParadiseValley, a church and schoolhouse constructed on stilts were knocked down and demolished. Floor fissures have been reported at McCainValley and JewelValley; rockslides were observed between Campo and Carrizo and at Dulzura and JewelValley.
About 155 tremors have been felt at Campo through the 12 hours following the principle shock, and aftershocks continued there each few days into April 1892. Observers reported that 135 aftershocks have been felt as far away as Nationwide City, on San DiegoBay and likewise along the coast to Santa Barbara, east to Yuma, Arizona, and south to San Quintin, Baja California. The tremor was additionally felt at Visalia, TulareCounty, about seven-hundred kilometers north of San Quintin.
17. Rat Island, Alaska
Date: Nov. 17, 2003
Time: 06:43 UTC
This earthquake occurred in the Rat Islands region of the Aleutian Islands and was situated 95 kilometers south-southwest of Amchitka. This earthquake is the most important to occur in North America because the magnitude 7.9 Denali Fault, Alaska earthquake of November 3, 2002, and the most important within the Aleutian Islands because the June 1996 magnitude 7.9 Adak earthquake. There have been 182 aftershocks in 17.5 hours of the main shock. The most important aftershock occurred at 7:50 UTC, eleven/18 and had a magnitude of 5.7. The main shock generated a small tsunami of about 50 cm at Shemya and 12 cm at Adak. This quake occurred on the convergent boundary between the subducting Pacific and overriding North American crustal plates. Over one hundred earthquakes of magnitude seven or bigger have occurred along this boundary previously hundred years.The 1965, eight.7 magnitude Rat Islands earthquake ruptured an roughly 600 km-lengthy portion of the plate boundary.
Click on thumbnail to view full-measurement 18. New Madrid, Missouri area
Date: Dec. Sixteen, 1811
Fatalities: not identified exactly
This quake shook the 400 residents of new Madrid, Missouri, out of their beds at two in the morning. Huge cracks split the ground. The waters of the Mississippi rose and fell like an incredible tide. Big waves rose up and swept north, giving the impression that the river was actually flowing backwards. Boats along the river have been engulfed, capsized, and their crews drowned.
Previous river channels slammed shut and new ones opened, altering the course of the stream forever. One large lake had its water instantly replaced by sand. One other lake, Reelfoot, was created in a matter of moments. Bushes toppled or have been drowned when the land sank abruptly beneath them. Log cabins scattered like match sticks in New Madrid however, luckily, just one person was killed by falling debris.
Damage was reported as far east as Charleston, South Carolina and Washington, DC. In Boston, Massachusetts, 1,000 miles away, church bells had been made to ring. The consequences of the quake were felt as far south as New Orleans and as far north as Canada.
There was a second shock hours later. A 3rd quake rocked the area on January 23 and a fourth the biggest of all was felt on February 7. Between the key quakes, there have been hundreds of aftershocks.
Click on thumbnail to view full-size 19. San Francisco, California
Date: April 18, 1906
Time: Thirteen:12:21 UTC
Fatalities: estimated 3,000 deaths
Property loss: $524 million
This earthquake is one of the vital devastating within the historical past of California leading to fires inflicting an estimated three,000 deaths and $524 million in property loss. Duration of the shaking in San Francisco was about 1 minute. The earthquake broken buildings and constructions in all elements of the city and county of San Francisco. Most chimneys toppled or had been badly broken. Brick and frame homes of unusual construction were damaged extensively or destroyed; sewers and water mains have been damaged; and streetcar tracks have been bent into wavelike types.
On or close to the San Andreas fault, buildings were destroyed and trees had been knocked to the bottom. The floor of the ground was torn and heaved into furrow-like ridges. One pipeline that carried water from SanAndreasLake to San Francisco was broken, shutting off the water supply to the town. The fires that ignited quickly after the onset of the earthquake rapidly raged by means of the city because of the lack of water to control them. They destroyed a big a part of San Francisco and elevated the loss at FortBragg and Santa Rosa.
Bushes swayed violently, and some had been damaged off above the bottom or thrown down. The water in springs and artesian wells both elevated or decreased its move. A couple of sand craterlets formed in areas the place water was ejected by means of cracks or fissures. A number of foreshocks in all probability occurred, and many aftershocks had been reported, a few of which had been extreme.
To learn in additional detail about this earthquake, please comply with the hyperlink below:
The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake
20. Nice Valley, Nevada
Date: Oct. 3, 1915
Time: 06:Fifty two:48.0 UTC
This earthquake occurred along a fault on the japanese aspect of Nice Valley, Nevada. The epicentral area was almost uninhabited, and, therefore, property damage was lower than may need been anticipated. At Kennedy, two adobe houses were destroyed, mine tunnels collapsed, and concrete mine foundations were cracked. At Winnemucca, adobe buildings typically have been broken, and several multistory brick buildings lost their coping and components of upper partitions; many chimneys have been demolished above the rooflines. In addition, water tanks have been thrown down at BattleMountain, Kodiak, Lovelock, and Parran. Damage occurred on a number of ranches on the southern finish of PleasantValley: and adobe home was shaken down; a masonry chicken home and a hog pen had been destroyed; and houses had been displaced from their foundations.
This earthquake triggered a large enhance and decrease within the flow of springs and streams all through northern Nevada. The quake was felt from the State of Oregon to southern California and from the Pacific coast to past Salt Lake Metropolis, Utah. Two foreshocks and many aftershocks occurred.
21. New Madrid, Missouri
Date: Jan. 23, 1812
Time: 15:00 UTC
This quake had a magnitude of 7.6 and the Mississippi River valley was convulsed so severe that it awakened folks in cities as distant at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Norfolk, Virginia. Intermittent sturdy shaking continued by way of March 1812 and aftershocks strong enough to be felt occurred through the 12 months 1817. Within the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys the earthquakes did rather more destruction. ReelfootLake, in the northwest nook of Tennessee, stands at this time as proof of the may of these great earthquakes. Stumps of bushes killed by the sudden submergence of the ground can still be seen in ReelfootLake.
Uplift of over three meters was reported at one locality a number of hundred kilometers to the southwest of the epicentral zone the place a lake formed by the St. Francis River had its water changed by sand. Quite a few dead fish had been present in the former lake backside. Large fissures have been formed within the comfortable alluvial floor. The earthquake made wealthy prairie land unfit for farming because of deep fissures, land subsidence which transformed good fields to swamps, and numerous sand blows which covered the ground with sand and mud.
Entire islands disappeared, banks caved into the rivers, and fissures opened and closed within the river beds. Water spouting from these fissures produced large waves within the river. New sections of river channel had been formed and old channels reduce off. Many boats had been capsized and an unknown quantity of people had been drowned.
Chimneys had been thrown down in Louisville, Kentucky, about four hundred kilometers from the epicentral space, and have been broken at distances of 600 kilometers. The quake extended south to the gulf coast, southeast to the Atlantic coast, and northeast to Quebec, Canada.
Click on thumbnail to view full-dimension 22. Landers, California
Date: June 28, 1992
Time: Eleven:57:34 UTC
Property loss: 92 million US dollars
This quake cause one individual to be killed at YuccaValley, and two individuals died of heart attacks, greater than four hundred folks had been injured and substantial injury occurred within the Landers, YuccaValley area. The quake was additionally felt all through southern California, southern Nevada, western Arizona and southern Utah, in excessive-rise buildings as far north as Boise, Idaho, and as far east as Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Denver, Colorado. Floor faulting noticed alongside a 70 kilometer segment from Joshua Tree to near Barstow with as a lot as 5.5 meters of horizontal displacement and as a lot as 1.8 meters of vertical displacement. Seiches have been reported as far north as Lake Union, Washington, and as far east as Aurora, Colorado, and Corpus Christi, Texas.
Click thumbnail to view full-size 23. Kern County, California
Date: July 21, 1952
Time: 11:Fifty two:14.0 UTC
Property loss: $60 million
This earthquake was the most important in the United States since the San Francisco shock of 1906. It claimed 12 lives and precipitated property harm estimated at $60 million. There, the earthquake cracked strengthened-concrete tunnels having walls forty six centimeters thick at the Southern Pacific Railroad southeast of Bealville; it shortened the space between portals of two tunnels about 2.5 meters and bent the rails into S-formed curves. At OwensLake (about 160 kilometers from the epicenter), salt beds shifted, and brine traces have been bent into S-shapes. Many surface ruptures have been noticed along the decrease slopes of Bear Mountain, within the White Wolf fault zone. The somewhat flat, poorly consolidated alluvium within the valley was erratically cracked and recontoured. The cracking along Bear Mountain indicated that the mountain itself moved upward and to the north. Southwest of Arvin, on the San JoaquinValley flooring, ground cracks traversed and spilt the concrete foundation on one home, causing partial collapse. East of Caliente, one large crack, about 1.5 meter at its widest level and more than 60 centimeters deep, was noticed. At Tehachapi, Bakersfield, and Arvin, outdated and poorly built masonry and adobe buildings were cracked, and a few collapsed.
In Bakersfield cracks formed in many brick buildings, and older school buildings have been damaged considerably. The Kern GeneralHospital was damaged heavily. Water splashed from swimming pools as far distant as the Los Angeles area, the place damage to tall buildings was in depth. Water additionally splashed in pressure tanks on tops of buildings in San Francisco. At the least one building was broken in San Diego, and in Las Vegas, Nevada, a constructing below building required realignment of the structural steel.
The primary shock was felt over most of California and in components of western Arizona and western Nevada. It was observed at such distant points as Stirling Metropolis, California, Phoenix, Arizona, and Gerlach, Nevada. The California Institute of Expertise at Pasadena recorded 188 aftershocks of magnitude four.Zero and higher by way of September 26, 1952; six aftershocks on July 21 have been of magnitude 5.0 and higher.
24. West of Lompoc, California
Date: Nov. 4, 1927
Time: 13:50 UTC
The quake brought on severe injury to property in the areas west and north of Lompoc. Chimneys had been wrecked at several towns, together with Arroyo Grande, Berros, Guadalupe, Halcyon, Lompoc, Los Alamos, and Nipomo. On the Roberd’s ranch, an earthquake fountain created between 10 and 20 sand craters; lurches and cracks have been noticed within the water-soaked soil. The Roberd ranch house was shifted on its foundation about 5 centimeters, and small outbuildings were pushed from their foundations. The walls of a poorly built block constructing collapsed at White Hills. At Santa Maria and other towns in the world, chimneys had been broken, previous brick walls and interior partitions formed cracks, and cornices fell.
Near Surf, west of Lompoc, the Southern Pacific Railroad bridge was thrown out of alignment close to its center; a concrete highway was cracked; and small rockslides and earthslides occurred. Cracks formed in the bottom about 6.5 kilometers north of Arlight. Felt from Morgon Hill south to Redondo Seashore and from the coast east to Kernville. A tsunami was recorded on tide gages at San Francisco, La Jolla, San Diego, and Fort Level, and waves have been observed at Pismo, Port San Luis and Surf. Many aftershocks occurred.
25. Dixie Valley, Nevada
Date: Dec. 16, 1954
Time: Eleven:07:Eleven UTC
The earthquake was accompanied by offsets alongside many faults within the 4 foremost zones of a north-trending belt 96 kilometers lengthy by 32 kilometers wide. Minor geologic effects have been changes in the movement of springs and wells, formation of craters and water fountains, landslips and landslides, mudflows, and rockfalls.
The inhabitants was sparse in the epicentral area of this earthquake, and few man-made structures existed. Damage to buildings, subsequently, was minor regardless of the geologic and seismographic proof of a significant earthquake.
Heavy furnishings were displaced at Frenchman Station, about eleven kilometers west of major floor faulting, but damage to buildings was negligible. Differential settlement of about 10 centimeters that occurred below a wooden-body retailer resulted in minor cracking of the constructing. Damage at Fallon, about 48 kilometers west of the nearest main floor break, was restricted to some toppled chimneys. Lots of of aftershocks occurred. The primary earthquake additionally was felt in Arizona, California, Idaho, Oregon, and Utah.
Click on thumbnail to view full-measurement 26. Hebgen Lake, Montana
Date: Aug. 18, 1959
Time: 06:37:13.5 UTC
Property loss: $Eleven million
This earthquake prompted 28 fatalities and about $11 million in harm to highways and timber. It’s characterized by intensive fault scarps, subsidence and uplift, a massive landslide, and a seiche in HebgenLake. Essentially the most disastrous effect of the earthquake was the large avalanche of rock, soil and bushes that cascaded from the steep south wall of the Madison RiverCanyon. This slide formed a barrier that blocked the gorge and stopped the circulation of the Madison River and, inside a couple of weeks, created a lake almost 53 meters deep. The quantity of material that blocked the Madison River below Hebgen Dam has been estimated at 28 – 33 million cubic meters. A lot of the 28 deaths were brought on by rockslides that lined the Rock Creek public campground on the Madison River, about 9.5 kilometers under Hebgen Dam.
Many summer time houses in the HebgenLake space had been damaged: houses and cabins shifted off their foundations, chimneys fell, and pipelines broke. Freeway damage near HebgenLake was attributable to landslides slumping vertically and flowing laterally beneath pavements and bridges, which prompted extreme cracks and destruction. High intensities were noticed within the northwest section of YellowstoneNational Park. Here, new geysers erupted, and large slumping triggered massive cracks in the ground from which stone island camo hoodie steam emitted. Many hot springs became muddy.
Minor damages occurred all through southern Montana, northeast Idaho, and northwest Wyoming and were felt as far as Seattle, Washington, to the west; Banff, Canada, to the north; Dickinson, North Dakota, to the east; and Provo, Utah, to the south. Aftershocks continued for several months
Click thumbnail to view full-size 27. Borah Peak, Idaho
Date: Oct. 28, 1983
Time: 14:06:06.5 UTC
Property loss: $12.5 million
The Borah Peak earthquake is the most important ever recorded in Idaho, both in terms of magnitude and in quantity of property injury. It induced two deaths in Challis, and an estimated $12.5 million in damage in the Challis-Mackay area. Extreme floor faulting was associated with this earthquake, a 34 kilometer lengthy northwest trending zone of recent scarps and ground breakage on the southwest slope of the Lost River Vary. Probably the most in depth breakage occurred alongside the 8-kilometer zone between West Spring and Cedar Creek. Right here, the bottom surface was shattered into randomly tilted blocks a number of meters in width. Other devastations include rockfalls and landslides on the steep slopes of the Lost River Vary, water fountains and sand boils near the geologic feature of Chilly Buttes and the Mackay Reservoir, enhance or decrease in stream of water in springs, and fluctuations in well water levels. A short lived lake was formed by the rising water table south of Dickey. The most severe property injury occurred within the towns of Challis and Mackay, where 11 business buildings and 39 non-public homes sustained main injury and 200 homes sustained minor to reasonable harm.
At Mackay, a lot of the business structures on Predominant Road have been broken to some extent. Damaged buildings have been mainly of masonry development, including brick, concrete block, or stone. About ninety p.c of the residential chimneys have been cracked, twisted, or collapsed. At Challis, less damage to buildings and chimneys was sustained, however two buildings had been broken extensively. Many aftershocks occurred by 1983. the quake was also felt in parts in Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and within the Provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan, Canada.
28. West of Eureka, California
Date: Jan. 31, 1922
Time: Thirteen:17:22 UTC
Property loss: unknown
Details of the incident:
This probably damaging stone island camo hoodie earthquake was felt from Eugene, Oregon, to San Francisco
The 1959 Yellowstone Earthquake (Catastrophe) Purchase Now Prepared America 70280 Emergency Kit, 2-Particular person, 3-Day Backpack Buy Now Related
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sendingTo cool for u. AND U Comprehend it TOO!!!!!!!!!!! 3 years in the past
im in science class on my cellphone proper now and i must know WHAT TECTONIC PLATE BOUNDARY IN NEAREST TO THE RAT ISLANDS, ALASKA EARTHQUAKE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Authorlivingsta 4 years ago from United Kingdom
Thank you James, I’m glad it helped!
James 4 years in the past
thanks for helping me with a homework task they really work thanks ever doing homework for earthquakes i do know the place to look
Kate 5 years ago
I am the new Madrid fault strains wife
Thanks Jaime for studying and sharing your expertise!
Jaime 5 years in the past
I used to be in earthquake #8….scary however fairly awesome for somewhat child!! 🙂 Thankfully no person was damage.
Andrew Hincks 5 years ago
EarthQuake On A Bridge http://www.youtube.com/watch v=6MzP2EgYVSM
thithi 5 years in the past
Authorlivingsta 5 years in the past from United Kingdom
Thank you for the info EQTactics !
EQTactics 6 years ago from South-West Pennsylvania, United States
I noticed that on the USGS that #2 should be a magnitude 9.Zero off Washington
Authorlivingsta 6 years ago from United Kingdom
They have an effect on mostly the areas that lie on or close to the Pacific ring of fire
FMA 6 years in the past
I live in California and thought it was in all probability essentially the most earthquake prone state. I’m surprised to see so many in Alaska. Do they primarily have an effect on unpopulated areas
Mani 7 years in the past
Authorlivingsta 7 years in the past from United Kingdom
Thank you for passing by Wyatt and the feedback
wyatt_earp_fan 7 years in the past
This is fascinating, I’ve at all times been intrigued by earthquakes and their superior power, additionally scared shitless. I’ve been following the activity of the Sierra El Mayor earthquake in Baja California cause I reside just some miles away from it. Seems the exercise is beginning to choose up again.
Quilligrapher 7 years ago from New York
Very well performed, Livingsta. An fascinating and informative learn. Q.
Elayne 7 years ago from Rocky Mountains
Pretty scary reading. Hopefully we won’t have any extra big ones, however we in all probability will. We used to dwell in Tonga the place they might occur each occasionally however there are not any tall mountains or buildings so you just go for a little roller coaster ride. One knocked us on the bottom and was fairly crazy.
Thank you Habee, in your feedback. I too dread earthquakes. have felt a mild one, which practically stopped my coronary heart. If nature goes wild, then sure, it is admittedly scary.
Holle Abee eight years in the past from Georgia
Excellent work. Earthquakes terrify me! Thank goodness we do not have them here. We do get plenty of tornadoes, however, and so they scare me, too!
Thanks prasetio30 for the feedback. Sure it took a while for me to go through different references to get actual info and pictures.
prasetio30 eight years ago from malang-indonesia
it was wonderful, actually big disaster. thanks for share this information. you have great research about this subject.
Authorlivingsta 8 years in the past from United Kingdom
Yes Retellect, these are some of the major ones. But there are surprisingly earthquakes occurring almost each single day alongside these fault traces. thanks for studying and commenting
retellect 8 years in the past from United Kingdom
I had no concept a lot earthquakes had been record in America. Damn, I am actually stunned!
giirii 8 years in the past
hmm good wrk
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