New Zealand Taonga
Greenstone is the frequent nom de plume for two types of rock discovered in the South Island of latest Zealand. The more widespread of the two is Nephrite, a calcium magnesium silicate and the second, Bowenite, a iron magnesium silicate. More and more the Maori identify for Greenstone, Pounamu, is being adopted back into widespread usage by New Zealanders.
To Maori Pounamu is taken into account Taonga or treasure and the importance place on it can be seen in the name initially given by maori to the south island of latest Zealand – “Te Wahi Pouname” or “the place of Pounamu”.
To the wider world Greenstone can be described as New Zealand Jade, Jade being the generally used time period to explain the minerals Nephrite commonly shades of grays and greens, and Jadeite which incorporates also blacks, reds, pinks and violets. Bowenite falls outdoors the classification of Jade though in New Zealand it is considered Pounamu or Greenstone.
In recent times as part of the Waitangi Tribunal process for addressing grievances by the Maori Peoples of recent Zealand, ownership of all Pounamu occurring in its pure state has been vested within the Ngai Tahu tribe. Most exploitation of Pounamu or Greenstone is tightly managed nike stone island scarpe by Ngai Tahu with a view to ensure the sustainability of the stone for future generations. Ngai tahu, nonetheless, recognising that assortment of Greenstone is taken into account by all New Zealanders to be part of their cultural heritage, allow the gathering of Greenstone from south island west coast beaches the place the stone has been uncovered by natural processes of erosion and is of a size that a single person is able to hold it.
The place is it found
Though smaller deposits are present in other places all over the world, the principle trendy source of Nephrite Jade is Canada. New Zealand Nephrite comes solely from the South Island Of new Zealand and Bowenite from only a small space around Milford Sound.
What is it used for
Historically, as Maori had no metals Poumanu was used to make weapons such because the mere or club and tools such as adzes along with personal ornaments reminiscent of Hei Tiki, Manaia, Fishhooks and Koru. These items had been and are revered and handed down through families as heirlooms. Today, Greenstone or Pounamu carvings are a preferred reward for new Zealanders and visitors alike.